Norwood, Melia Stedman
- (1912–2005)Probably the KGB’s most productive female agent, Norwood was run within the British scientific establishment for several decades. Norwood, who joined the British communist party in the 1930s, became a Soviet agent in 1937. For 45 years she provided scientific and technical intelligence to Moscow. Her code name was “Hola.” During World War II, she provided information on the Anglo-American nuclear weapons program, referred to as Enormoz by Soviet intelligence. In a wartime report to Moscow, Norwood was described by her case officer as a “committed, reliable, and disciplined agent.” Norwood’s five decades as a spy were revealed in 1999 in Vasili Mitrokhin’s The Sword and the Shield, an account of the Soviet intelligence service coauthored by a British academic. Confronted with the charge of espionage by the British press, Norwood cheerfully and proudly admitted her treachery.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.